Floodwater harvesting of the Arghastan River basin of Kandahar in Afghanistan


  • Abdul Wali Hejran Water Resource and Environmental Department, Engineering Faculty, Helmand, Afghanistan
  • Ahmad Shah Dawari Water Resource and Environmental Department, Engineering Faculty, Helmand, Afghanistan




Contour map, dam site, reservoir capacity, surface runoff


Climate change and population growth are the important factors that place additional pressures on water resources, and generally, predictions indicate that these pressures are increasing continuously, so it is necessary to regulate surface water sources. Afghanistan has a semiarid climate and already received worse effects of climate change; therefore, there is an extremely needed regulation of river flow across the country. Arghastan River is in the southern west parts of the country, thousands of cubic kilometers of water in this river are wasted annually, and drought and floods are the main problems of the residents due to nonmanagement of river flow. The main objective of the study conducted by GIS was to find a dam site along the river for proper water management. A contour map was created for the entire watershed by using 5-meter DEM, that the most suitable site for the dam is at the coordinate of 66°48'34.468"E 31°35'4.512"N, it is possible to build up to 170-meter-high dam. The purpose site of the reservoir has the capacity to store about 1700 million cubic meters of water at an elevation of 170 meters, while the average monthly discharge of the Arghastan River up to the specific point of the investigation is about 38.6 m3/s. Suppose the floodwater of this River basin is harvested. In that case, it will provide the chance for residents to rescue their property from flood hazards during the rainy season, and they will have enough water for irrigation purposes during the summer season.


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How to Cite

Abdul Wali Hejran and A. S. Dawari, “Floodwater harvesting of the Arghastan River basin of Kandahar in Afghanistan”, J. Mech. Constr. Eng., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 1–9, Nov. 2023.




Research Article